Memory is one of the key components in learning and retaining information. Initially, information is sensed using sight, hearing, touch, taste or smell and has the potential for short and long term memory. Most information we sense day by day is not processed in a cognitive way. Short term memory is recent and tends to be temporarily retained. Long term information is stored like a file in our brains and strategies to memorise, retain and recall can be used to help achieve this type of memory.
Even though there are factors that can affect memory, there are also ways to improve memory that will help in the classroom setting for adult learners. Strategies include using exercises that are internal (using mental cues) and external (using environmental cues). First, students can be encouraged to study in an environment without distraction and to keep their body and mind healthy with exercise, a balanced diet and rest.In the classroom, the material can be presented in an organised manner with a summary at the end to assist in retention and recall. Mnemonics can be used to help the students retain and recall a list of associated items. Visualisation and hands on practice helps many students learn and memorise material. Demonstrations, videos and pictures/images can be used to deliver the content in a memorable way. Also, hands on exposure and repetition of content can help students retain information for future use.